Wing production at Flossenbürg, from a Messerschmitt company photo album, ca. 1943

The Floss­en­bürg con­cen­tra­tion camp quick­ly be­came a sig­nif­i­cant eco­nom­ic force in the re­gion. Some busi­ness­es sup­plied goods to the camp, while others bor­rowed pris­on­ers for a va­ri­e­ty of tasks. Af­ter 1942, only key ar­ma­ments sup­pli­ers were per­mit­ted to ex­ploit pris­on­er la­bor. In ear­ly 1943, the Mess­er­schmitt Works at Re­gens­burg trans­ferred a por­tion of its pro­duc­tion to Floss­en­bürg..

Be­ginn­ing in 1940, re­gion­al busi­ness­es, ad­min­is­tra­tive agen­cies, and pri­vate in­di­vid­u­als ap­plied to the Floss­en­bürg head­quar­ters for pri­son­ers. The pris­on­ers car­ried out ag­ri­cul­tur­al work and man­u­al la­bor un­der guard for li­mit­ed pe­ri­ods.


By 1942, the Ger­man lea­der­ship be­gan to pre­pare for a pro­tract­ed war. In Feb­ru­ary 1942, the SS es­tab­lished the Eco­nom­ic and Ad­min­is­tra­tive Main Of­fice. This cen­tral­ized of­fice was harged with en­sur­ing that pris­on­ers would be al­lo­cat­ed only to the ar­ma­ments in­dus­try. Many com­pa­nies trans­ferred pro­duc­tion to con­cen­tra­tion camps. In 1943, Floss­en­bürg also be­came an ar­ma­ments site. In the quar­ry grounds, pris­on­ers worked on the pro­duc­tion and as­semb­ly of the Me 109 fight­er plane.

By the end of the war, over 5,000 pri­son­ers worked for Mess­er­schmitt. Quar­ry op­er­a­tions were large­ly sus­pend­ed.


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