Flossenbürg Concentration Camp grounds, 1940

The num­ber of pris­on­ers in the Floss­en­bürg con­cen­tra­tion camp con­tin­ued to rise. The ar­riv­al of new cat­e­gor­ies of pris­on­ers fun­da­men­tal­ly al­tered the com­po­si­tion of the pris­on­ers’ forced com­mu­ni­ty.

Two years after the camp’s found­ing, the main build­ings of the camp were all com­plete. An SS com­pa­ny, the Ger­man Earth and Stone Works (DESt), mer­ci­less­ly ex­ploit­ed the pris­on­ers to ex­ca­vate gran­ite. Over 300 in­mates had al­ready per­ished since the found­ing of the camp.

The first in­mates of the camp were Ger­mans, vic­tims of the ar­rests of so-called “crim­in­als” and “aso­cials.”

In late 1938, the first po­lit­i­cal pris­on­ers ar­rived. Af­ter the start of the war, Floss­en­bürg housed pris­on­ers from across oc­cu­pied Eu­rope. The first Jew­ish pris­on­ers ar­rived at the camp in 1940.

By this time the first phase of camp con­struc­tion had been large­ly com­plet­ed and the quar­ry was in full op­er­a­tion. The camp housed over 2,600 pris­on­ers, and the death rate be­gan to rise. To dis­pose of the bod­ies of the dead, the SS or­dered the con­struc­tion of a cre­ma­to­ri­um in the camp.

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