Dresden (Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk) subcamp

September 15, 1944 to February 19, 1945

Prisoners

First transport with 300 prisoners arrested in the wake of the Warsaw uprising. On a second transport, 300 prisoners arrived from Groß-Rosen, mainly Poles and Russians, along with a few Czechs, Lithuanians, Germans, French, and Croats. In November 1944, 597 prisoners were registered.

Forced labor and quarters

Repairing of damaged wagons for the National Railways Repair Works on Weißeritz-Ufer (today Emmerich-Ambros-Ufer). The prisoners were most likely quartered in an unheated locomotive hall. The men of both transports worked separately in day and night shifts.

Guards

Between 25 and 32 SS men (including Hungarian Germans and Ukrainians). Detail leader Rudolf Becher was responsible for the violent treatment of prisoners.

Death toll

At least 80 dead; at least eight prisoners were shot while trying to escape. 51 persons died during the air raids of February 13, 1945.

Disbanding of the camp / end of the war

On February 19, 1945, the prisoners who had survived the air raids on Dresden were transferred back to the main Flossenbürg camp. Many of them died there shortly afterward. The remaining prisoners were sent to different subcamps or camps set aside for the dying.

Commemoration

A memorial stone is located in front of one of the former Repair Works buildings on today’s Emmerich-Ambros-Ufer.
Dresden (Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk) - Bild 1Railway halls of the former National Railways Repair Works Dresden, 1992, Fotothek Dresden, photo: S. Bregulla. The prisoners were possibly accommodated in one of the railway halls.Dresden (Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk) - Bild 2Memorial stone commemorating the prisoners who died in the National Railways Repair Works Dresden subcamp. After construction works on the railway site the stone now is located in front of a residential building on the Emmerich-Ambros-Ufer.