Flöha subcamp

March 1944 to April 14, 1945

Prisoners

Over 330 Russian, 180 French, over 80 Polish (24 of them Jewish) prisoners. The prisoner numbers fluctuated due to numerous transfers, highest figure: 611 men (February 1945). Many prisoners had performed forced labor beforehand at the Erla-Werke in the Leipzig area while imprisoned in the subcamps of the Buchenwald concentration camp.

Forced labor and quarters

Production of fuselage parts for the Me 109 fighter jet (manufacturing in license for the Leipzig Erla Maschinenwerk GmbH). The production and accommodation quarters of the prisoners were in the disused Fortuna tulle factory. The multi-story building was enclosed by a fence and surrounded by guard towers.

Guards

Between 54 and 68 SS guards. Detail leader Brendel severely mistreated the prisoners and murdered at least five of them.

Death toll

42 deaths are documented, although many ill prisoners were transferred to Flossenbürg. After escape attempts by at least ten prisoners, some were murdered in Flossenbürg.

Disbanding of the camp / end of the war

The camp was disbanded on April 14, the prisoners forced to march towards the Czech border and then through northern Bohemia to Theresienstadt. Detail leader Brendel ordered the shooting of at least 60 prisoners.

Commemoration

At the beginning of the 1950s a large monument is erected at the textile factory, today vacated. Polish victims of the subcamp are buried in the cemetery of the Church of Resurrection.
Flöha  - Bild 1The onetime tulle factory in Flöha, 2004.Flöha  - Bild 2Memorial for the victims of the Flöha subcamp, 2004. The large monument at the entrance to the factory was erected at the beginning of the 1950s. At this point in time, the factory is once again producing textiles.Flöha  - Bild 3Information panel on the death march of the prisoners from Flöha, 2004. This panel is mounted next to the monument. Above it, a commemorative plaque of the French prisoners’ association.