born June 30, 1917
Janina Mazur, ca. 1940 (private collection)
Janina Tatara was born in Lublin to a working-class family. She trained as a nurse. At age 21, she married the 26-year-old worker Stanisław Mazur in Lublin.
Janina Tatara (left) with her mother, nephew, and brother, 1936/37 (private collection)
During the war, Janina Mazur continued to live with her husband and child in Lublin, which had become part of the occupied Generalgouvernement. The reason and the date of her arrest are unknown. In summer 1941, Janina Mazur was incarcerated in the SS investigative jail in the Lublin Castle. In October 1943, Janina Mazur was deported from Lublin to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. One year later, she was transported by the SS along with over 500 other female prisoners to the Chemnitz subcamp of Flossenbürg. The women were put to work manufacturing metal parts for aircraft and machine guns in the Astra factory. During the evacuation of the camp, Janina Mazur ended up in Leitmeritz in Bohemia in mid-April 1945, and soon was transferred to the nearby Hertine subcamp, which had already been evacuated. Here she presumably continued to labor in the munitions factory until the liberation on May 8, 1945.
In late August 1945, Janina Mazur returned to Poland. In the 1950s, Mazur worked for a logistics company, and later for the Polish national long-distance bus company. Janina Mazur was only 40 years old when she died in Lublin.
Janina Mazur (second from right), with coworkers at the logistics company, ca. 1953 (private collection)