Gedächtnisallee 5
D-92696 Flossenbürg

+49 9603-90390-0

Oederan Subcamp

September 1944 – April 14, 1945

  • The entry point to the former Kabis sewing thread factory, 2004 (Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial)

  • Former prisoner quarters and work post of the sewing thread factory Kabis, 2019 (Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial / Photo: Rainer Viertlböck)

  • Former Salzmann Factory, 2019 (Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial / Photo: Rainer Viertlböck)


In three transports, 501 Jewish women from the concentration camp Auschwitz arrived at Oederan. 200 women came from Poland, 150 from Czechoslovakia, 60 from Hungary, with the others from the Netherlands, Germany, the Soviet Union and Slovakia.

Forced labor and quarters

Production of munitions in two shifts in the disused Kabis sewing thread factory for the Deutsche Kühl- und Kraftmaschinen GmbH (subsidiary of Auto-Union).

The women were quartered in the three-story stone building where they worked. A detail was assigned to work in the Salzmann factory. A few woman laid electrical cables outside the camp.


Eight to ten female overseers. The head overseer Weniger, who arrived with the prisoners from Auschwitz, mistreated the women.

Death toll

Three women, one of whom was transported from the subcamp Hertine. Three pregnant women were deported to Bergen-Belsen, where at least one died.

Disbanding of the camp / end of the war

On April 14, 1945, the subcamp was evacuated. The women were placed in cattle wagons and transported in the direction of Bohemia. After a long odyssey, they arrived in Theresienstadt and were liberated by the Red Army.


At the textile factory there is a memorial plaque. On the occasion of Holocaust Remembrance Day, January 27, 2005, the Oederan local authority unveiled a new gravesite for the three deceased women.